LOUISIANA CONSTRUCTION LAW

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 THE PARTIES IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS 

1.a       The Owner
1.b       The Landlord and the Lessee
1.c       The Architect, the Engineer and the Surveyor
1.d       The Prime Contractor
1.e       The Subcontractor
1.f        The Construction Manager
1.g       The Material Supplier
1.h       The Laborer
1.i        The Sureties
1.j        The Construction Lenders
1.k       The Prospective Purchasers

CHAPTER 2 WHO CAN DO THE WORK IN THE FIRST PLACE: LICENSING REQUIREMENTS       

2.a       The Regulated Professions
2.b       Licensing Violations by Contractors

CHAPTER 3 THE GENERAL RULES OF CONTRACT FORMATION 

3.a       The General Rules of Contract Formation
3.b       Offer and Acceptance
3.c       Acceptance Varying from Offer
3.d       Beyond Formal Assent: Acceptance by Conduct
3.e       Consent
3.f        The Vices of Consent
3.g       Quantum Meruit Recovery
3.h       Requirement of a Definite Object
3.i        Interpretation of Agreements
3.j        Performance to the Owner’s Satisfaction
3.k       Approval by Governmental Agencies
3.l        Approval by Architects or Engineers

CHAPTER 4 CONTRACT INTERPRETATION MODIFICATION, ISSUES AND OPTIONS 

4.a       The Basic Rules of Contract Interpretation
4.b       Conflict of Laws Provisions
4.c       The Undefinable Requirement: “Workmanlike Manner”
4.d       The Relationship of Plans and Specifications to the Written Contract
4.e       Change Order Provisions
4.f        The “Changes” Clause
4.g       Change Orders Under the Louisiana Public Works Act
4.h       Changes Under Federal Contracts
4.i        Extra Work
4.j        Excessive Change Orders
4.k       Authority to Issue Change Orders
4.l        Oral Change Orders
4.m      Notice Requirements
4.n       Contract Issues and Options
4.o       Key Contract General Condition Clauses
4.p       Subcontract Agreements, Claims and Strategies
4.q       The Variables in Contract and Price Formats
4.r        Payment From Public Entities
4.s        Special Contract Problems with Fast-Track Projects

CHAPTER 5 THE LOUISIANA CIVIL CODE AND CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS

5.a       Time Limitations for Filing Suit (Prescription and Peremption)
5.b       What Law Governs: “Conflict of Laws” in the Prescription Context
5.c       The Duty of Good Faith
5.d       Statute of Frauds
5.e       Express Warranties
5.f        Implied Warranties

CHAPTER 6 BIDDING OF A CONTRACT

6.a       Generally
6.b       Responsibility of Bidder
6.c       Irregularities in Bids
6.d       Louisiana Supreme Court deals serious blow to public entities’ ability to disregard deviations in public bid
6.e       Other Louisiana Public Bid Requirements
6.f        Owner’s Rights to Reject Any and All Bids
6.g       Unsuccessful Bidder’s Remedies
6.h       Mistakes in Bid
6.i        Unbalanced Bids

CHAPTER 7 SURETYSHIP           

7.a       The Concept of Suretyship
7.b       Surety Bond Claims under the Louisiana Private Works Act
7.c       Surety Bond Claims under the Louisiana Public Works Act
7.d       “Bonding Out” of Public and Private Act Claims
7.e       Surety Bond Claims on Federal Projects
7.f        Limitations on Surety Liability Under the Various Acts
7.g       Who’s Protected Under the Various Acts
7.h       Effect of Change in the Scope of the Contract Under the Various Acts
7.i        Noncompliance with the Contract by Owner Under the Various Acts

CHAPTER 8 INSURANCE

8.a       The Basics
8.b       Builders’ Risk Policies
8.c       Commercial General Liability Policies
8.d       Worker’s Compensation Policies
8.e       Professional Negligence Policies
8.f        Notice to the Insurer
8.g        An Insurer’s Duty to Defend

8.h        Bad Faith Claims

CHAPTER 9 ACCEPTANCE

9.a       Generally
9.b       The Test for Substantial Completion and Substantial Performance

CHAPTER 10 MECHANICS’ LIEN AND CONSTRUCTION BONDS UNDER LOUISIANA LAW

10.a     Subcontractor and Supplier Liens
10.b     Statutory Bonds
10.c     Conventional Bonds
10.d     Lien Bonds
10.e     Subcontractors
10.f      Material Suppliers
10.g     What Improvements and items Are Covered

CHAPTER 11 IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING A CLAIM

11.a     Can the Claim Be Proven?
11.b     Documenting the Claim
11.c     Claim Strategy and Tactics
11.d     Following Proper Claims Procedure: Contract and Statutory Requirements
11.e     Pricing The Amount of The Claim
11.f     Recent Changes to Time for Filing Suit to Enforce Private Works Act Lien

CHAPTER 12 DEFECTIVE PLANS, SPECS AND SHOP DRAWINGS           

12.a     Legal Analysis of Owner/Architect/Contractor Rights and Duties Regarding the Contract Specifications
12.b    Types of Specifications — Performance v. Design Specifications
12.c    Plans and Specifications Guaranteed by the Owner/Architect
12.d     Impossibility/Impracticability Doctrines
12.e     Remedies for Defective Documents

CHAPTER 13 SITE CONDITION CLAIMS           

13.a     Differing Site Conditions in General
13.b     A Brief History
13.c     The Contractor’s Right to Rely and Duty to Investigate
13.d     The Owner’s Duty to Disclose Material Information
13.e     Notice
13.f      Contractual Remedies in Government or Public Contracts
13.g     Contractual Remedies in Private Contracts
13.h     Relief in the Absence of a Differing Site Conditions Clause

CHAPTER 14 DELAY AND ACCELERATION           

14.a     Delay by Contractor: Putting in Default and Liquidated Damages

14.b     Anticipatory Breach

14.c     Waiver of Breach

14.d     Delay by Owner

14.e     Proof of Delay Damages

14.f      Acceleration — Actual and Constructive — Owner-Caused Delay

14.g     Other Schedule Impact Claims

CHAPTER 15 ALTERNATIVE CLAIMS RESOLUTION PROCESSES

15.a     Background
15.b     Options for Claim Resolution

CHAPTER 16 LOUISIANA NEW HOME WARRANTY ACT

16.a     Introduction
16.b     Key Definitions
16.c     Scope: Exclusivity and Other Causes of Action
16.d     Warranties and Exclusions
16.e     Timing
16.f     Notice
16.g     Damages