Laura Avery

ESI: The Odyssey — Part 2: A Brief Meditation on Metadata

Metadata generally refers to the data surrounding the creation and use of a document, such as file name, format, location, dates and permissions. In other words, it encompasses the identifying characteristics of a file that are not evident just by looking at the file itself. For example, every time you create, open or save a Microsoft Word document, hidden information is automatically created and stored in that document. In addition to the data that is automatically added, there is other metadata that is user-introduced, such as hidden text, track changes, embedded objects, and so on.  Of course, metadata does not only reside in Microsoft Word documents. [Read More…]

ESI: The Odyssey — Part 1: Know Your Hash Value

The very nature of electronic evidence poses numerous, unique challenges to the discovery process and the admission of electronic evidence. ESI, like any information, is discoverable in litigation, but one of the things that makes ESI different is its sheer volume. The vast majority of newly produced information is created and stored electronically. When you combine this with the relative affordability of cloud storage, a staggering number of electronic documents are being created and stored, even by small business clients. Thus, discovery in litigation, even in cases in which the amount of controversy is relatively modest, can embrace huge quantities of data. [Read More…]